How to power each powertrain

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Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)

Hybrid vehicles get their power from a traditional ICE, regenerative braking, as well as a small battery pack used for low speed driving and assisting in acceleration. An HEV uses regenerative braking, the most efficient way of putting energy back into the electric battery. This is the process of recovering energy that would otherwise be lost during deceleration and using it to propel the car once acceleration is required. Regenerative braking helps extend brake life on your vehicle as the electric motor is used to slow the car as opposed to friction applied to brake pads.

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Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles are charged in the same way that battery electric vehicles are charged — by plugging into a power source. PHEV’s have the ability to drive in a zero-emission state when powered only by the battery but can achieve longer distances using the traditional gasoline engine.

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Electric Vehicle (EV)

Battery electric vehicles have rechargeable battery packs which are charged through regenerative breaking and an external electricity source. There are three types of chargers available, with the standard Level 1 charger being the most common household outlet. Simply plug into the charger overnight and wake up to an electric vehicle ready to take to the road.

Range calculator

See how far electric can take you with our intuitive Range Calculator. It is important to remember that determining your potential range depends on various factors including the outside temperature, your driving speed and whether you’re using certain features like heated seats or the HVAC system. Simply enter your postal code, select a vehicle and explore beyond boundaries.

  • Go

* Please ensure you have entered a correct postal code and have selected a vehicle.

  • Electric

  • Gas

  • Combined

*Calculated range does not consider various terrains, routes or other external factors. Actual travel distance may vary.

Types of Chargers

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Level 1

Plug-in electric vehicle batteries can be fully charged using Level 1 chargers, which are compatible with any standard 120V outlet.

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Level 2

For drivers who travel more than 80 km/day and need to replenish their range overnight, a 240V (Level 2) outlet (like a stove or dryer outlet) can be installed in a garage as well as outdoors – with compatible chargers – enabling faster charge times. A 16A and a 32A charger are the two most common Level 2 chargers. However, there are a wide range of chargers, each with their own amperage, which has a large effect on the charge time. Level 2 chargers can also be found in thousands of public locations across Canada, such as shopping malls, restaurants, parking garages and private businesses.

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Level 3

For drivers going long distances, Level 3 chargers can be used to charge vehicles quicker. Level 3 chargers, also known as DC or “fast chargers”, are usually found in higher traffic areas and use a 480V system. 50A and 100A are the most common Level 3 chargers. Like other levels of charging, there are alternative Level 3 options with a wide range of amperages. Level 3 fast charging is available on Electric vehicles.

  • Things to think about

    When choosing an EV charger, here are some pointers to help you make the right choice:

    • A shorter cord length is cheaper and can be used for parking spaces near chargers while a longer charger allows for more flexibility in parking distance.

    • Make compatible Level 2 chargers portable by connecting them to a wall rather than hardwiring them, helping them remain mobile for use while travelling.

    • Some charging stations are smart, meaning they can connect to WIFI allowing the owner to monitor charging levels and other stats. Not every electric vehicle is compatible with this feature.

    • There are a variety of chargers in the market; some are for more rugged outdoor use while others, are more suited for use inside your garage.

  • Charger installation

    When you’re ready for a faster Level 2 charger, have one installed in the comfort and convenience of your home. We have provided some resources to help with the set-up of a home charger as well as some licensed electricians in your region for installation peace of mind.

    Visit to learn more

Frequently asked questions

EV Society EV Charging Etiquette

  • Is it ok to park my EV in an EV charging space?

    If you drive a gas or diesel Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicle, please do not park in a spot designated for an EV no matter how crowded the parking lot is, and no matter how infrequently the charging location is used. EV drivers rely on these stations to make it to their next destination.

    Only occupy a charging spot while your car is being charged. Please unplug and move your car once you have adequate range to comfortably reach your destination.

  • What if someone is parked but not charging in an EV charging space?

    If the charging spot you counted on using is occupied by an ICE vehicle (ICE’d) or by another EV not plugged in, avoid the temptation to get nasty and simply leave a polite note on the windshield explaining your reliance on these stations.

  • When should I charge my car and when not to charge?

    Most regular travel can be accomplished through overnight home charging. Remember that electricity at free charging stations is privately funded and provided as a courtesy to EV drivers who might need the charge to safely complete their travels. Unless you need a charge to reach your destination, please leave the spot free for another EV driver who needs the charge to complete their trip. Please don’t charge if you don’t need a charge.

  • Is it OK to ask another EV driver for a charge?

    If a charging spot is being used, it’s OK to park in an adjacent spot and leave a note with your name and cell number asking the owner to plug your car in after their session is complete.

  • Is it ok to unplug another EV?

    An owner of an EV does NOT have the right to unplug a PHEV, just because that car has a back-up gas engine. However, if asked, PHEV drivers should always concede their spot to EV drivers who might not be able to safely reach their next destination.

    Never unplug another EV or PHEV unless it has clearly finished charging or you’ve received permission from the owner. If you unplug another car once it has fully charged, leave a note with your name and cell number explaining why it was unplugged.

  • How else can I be respectful to others when using a charging station?

    Before you leave to shop or dine at a local merchants, place a note on your dashboard with your name and cell number so that other EV drivers can reach you in the event that they urgently need a charge. It’s helpful to indicate when you expect to be back and whether it is OK to unplug your car before it’s fully charged.

    As you begin charging, please do “Check in” on the mobile PlugShare app to let others know that the station is in use and also leave feedback for future users. If there is a problem with a charging station, please first contact the station owner before leaving a negative review.

    Route the cord from the station to your car such that it lays flat on the ground and is not a trip-hazard. Before you leave, please wind the cord neatly on its holder.

  • How Does Charging Work? What are the different types of charging?

    Charging is one of the main items prospective EV owners have questions about. You’ll find that it is actually very simple. For the basics on EV charging, read on…

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